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Under the「Framework Act on Clearing up Past Incidents for Truth and Reconciliation」, the Commission’s purpose is to foster national legitimacy and reconcile the past for the sake of national unity by honoring those who participated in anti-Japanese movements and exposing the truth by investigating incidents regarding human rights abuses, violence, and massacres occurring since Japanese rule to the present time, specifically during the nation’s authoritarian regimes.
▶ Organization of the Commission
  1) Commissioners: 15 members (8 members recommended by the National Assembly, 4 members appointed by
    the President, and 3 members nominated by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court)
     ○ Standing Commissioners: 4 members (2 members recommended by the National Assembly, 2 members
       nominated by the President)
       - Chairperson: Ministerial caliber (1 member)
       - Standing Commissioners: Vice ministerial caliber (3 members)
   ○ Non-standing Commissioners: 11 members
  2) Nomination of Chairperson and Commissioners of the Commission done by President of the Republic of Korea
▶ Term of the Commissioners
  1) The term of the commissioners including the chairperson is two years with reappointment being allowed.
2) Successor in the case of a vacancy: Immediate appointment after an election or nomination within 30 days.
     - The term for a commissioner who is appointed as a successor gets a full two year term, ie: the predecessor's
        term does not carry over.
▶ Cases that may exclude a commissioner from participation in the deliberation and resolution.
  ○ If the commissioner or any person who is or was the commissioner’s spouse is an offender or victim
    concerned with relevant past incidents being investigated by the Commission.
○ If the commissioner is or was a blood relative of the offender or victim in the relevant past incident
    being investigated by the Commission.
○ If the commissioner was involved in any criminal investigation or trial procedures with respect to the
    relevant investigation of the Commission.
○ If the commissioner has testified or made an evaluation with respect to the relevant past incident being
    investigated the Commission.
○ If the commissioner participates or participated in the relevant incident as an agent of the party concerned.
○ If the commissioner receives a request for refusal from a petitioner or respondent.
▶ Proceeding and Quorum for Resolution
  ○ The resolution thereof shall require the consent of the majority of the incumbent commissioners.
▶ Publication of Proceedings
  ○ The proceedings of the Commission shall be accessible to the public unless deemed otherwise by
    the Commission or subcommittees
○ Basic period for investigation: The Commission shall investigate petitions for two years with a possible two year
    extension if needed.
○ Renewable period: Within two years
     - Procedure to extend the period: the Commission reports its extension to the President of the Republic of Korea
       and the National Assembly three months before the expiration of the investigation
○ The Commission may conclude the investigation before the expiration date if it decides it is unnecessary to
    continue: The period of the investigation may be concluded by resolution of the Commission.
     ※ The Commission is an independent organization not under the authority of the South Korean Government.
○ The Commission investigates all relevant past incidents, apart from investigations conducted by commissions
    established in accordance with individual Acts.
○ The Commission is an independent body, not belonging to any ministry.
     - Similar Independent commissions: National Human Rights Commission, Korea Broadcasting Commission
○ The Commission, after concluding its investigation, proposes recommendations to rectify damage, restore honor,
    and encourage reconciliation between the offender and victim.
○ The Commission supports the establishment of a research foundation for past incidents.
 
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